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SIEGE OF AGIU,  1788 A.0.                                         43
Dig was not reduced till March of the following year, 1776, the garrison escap-
ing to the neighbouring castle of Kumbhir. The value of the spoil taken is
said to have amounted to six lakhs of rupees. The whole of the country also
was reduced to subjection, and it was only at the intercession of the Rani
Kishofi, the widow of Suraj Mall, that the conqueror allowed Banjft Sinh to
retain the fort of Bharat-pur with aa extent of territory yielding an annual
income of nine lakhs.
In 1782, the great minister, Najaf Khan, died; and in 1786 Sindhia,
•who had been recognized as his successor in the administration of the empire,
proceeded to demand arrears of tribute from the Rajputs of Jaypur.    His claim
was partly satisfied ; but finding that he persisted in exacting the full amount,
the Bajas of Jaypur, Jodh-pur, and Uday-pur, joined by other minor chiefs,
organized a formidable combination against him.    The armies met at Lalsot,
and a battle ensued which extended over three days,  but without any decisive
result, till some 14,000 of Sindhia's infantry, who were in arrears of pay, went
over to the enemy.    In consequence of this defection, the Mahrattas fell back
upon the Jats and secured the alliance of llanjit Sinh by the restoration of Dig,
which had been held by the Emperor since its capture by Najaf Khan in 1776
and by the cession of eleven parganas yielding a revenue of ten lakhs of rupees.
The main object of the new allies was to raise the siege of Agra, which was
then being invested by Ismail Beg, the Imperial captain, in concert with Zfibita
Khan's son, the infamous Glmluin KdJir.   In a battle that took place near
Fatihpur Sikri, the Juts arid Mahrattas met a repulse, and were driven back
upon Bharat-pur ; but later in the same year 1788, being roinforced by troops
from the Dakkhin under Bmia Kliun, a brother of the officer in command of
the besieged garrison, they finally raised the blockade, and the province of Agra
again acknowledged Sindhia as its master.
Ghuldra Kadir had previously removed to Delhi and was endeavouring
to persuade the Emperor to break off intercourse with the Mahrattas. F;iilina
in this, he dropped all disguise and commenced firing upon the palace, and
having in a few days taken possession of the city, he indulged in the'most
brutal excesses, and after insulting and torturing his miserable and defenceless
sovereign in every conceivable way, completed the tragedy by, at last, with his
own dagger, robbing him of his eye-sight. Sindhia, who had before been
urgently summoned from Mathura, one of Ins favourite residences, on hearing -
of these horrors, sent a force to the relief of the city. Ghulam Kadir, whose*